Good starting points

• IMO Guidance to shipowners on use of privately
contracted armed security personnel when transiting
high risk areas – issued on May 23, 2011- See
American Club Circular No. 18/11 dated June 3, 2011
• Flag State Guidance
– Recent IMO recommendations to Flag States
regarding use of armed guards (also dated May 23,
– Liberian Bureau of Maritime Affairs previously issued
detailed guidance on use of PSCs