Flag state considerations rules of engagement / use of force


33 U.S.C. §383 (1819) U.S. anti-piracy statute provides: “The
commander and crew of any merchant vessel of the United
States … may oppose and defend against any aggression,
search, restrain, depredation, or seizure, which shall be
attempted upon such vessel …“
U.S. Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010 – Section 912
removes liability for monetary damages for injury or death
caused by the use of force to defend a U.S. flagged vessel
against an act of piracy – use of force rules must be followed for
this immunity to apply
U.S. and U.K. law – Deadly force may be used only when one has
a reasonable belief of imminent danger of death or great bodily