• Perform a thorough risk assessment on whether armed guards are
• Contact your Flag State authority
• Use due diligence when selecting a PSC
• Provide draft PSC services agreement to your P&I Club (at least 10
days before execution)
• Have your other insurers (H&M, War Risks, etc.) review and
approve the agreement
• Get independent legal advice on the contract terms to protect
your interests
• Advise charterers and cargo interests about the presence of
armed guards
• Check whether some of the clauses of the contract can be
improved to avoid ambiguous indemnities, knock for knock
clauses, preserve right to limit liability, use appropriate forum
selection and choice of law clauses